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Former Criminal Prosecutor
Veteran Owned and Run
Orlando Office:  33 E. Robinson St., Suite 111, Orlando, FL 32801        
Clearwater Office:    235 N. Garden Ave., Clearwater, FL 33755  
Orlando Criminal Defense, Civil Litigation, Estate Planning and Probate Lawyers. Handling cases in Orange County and surrounding areas

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(321) 314-2828

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Client Review

"Josh did such an amazing job!I was always up too date on all proceedings. He represented me with multiple cases and all the results were phenomenal! Would recommend him to anyone!"


Rating: 5/5 Stars
Written by:  Jason S. 
Date Published: July 30, 2015

See More Reviews From Thumbtack

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Adams Law Firm




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(321) 314-2828

Contact Us
Phone:                    (321) 314-2828
Email:                      josh@joshadamslaw.com
Orlando:                 33 E. Robinson St. Suite 111, Orlando, FL 32801            
Clearwater:             235 N. Garden Ave., Clearwater, FL 33755

To prove the crime of (crime charged), the State must prove the following three
elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

1.    (Defendant) possessed a certain substance.

2.    The substance was (specific substance alleged).

3.    (Defendant) had knowledge of the presence of the substance.

    
    Possession. 
    To “possess” means to have personal charge of or exercise the right of ownership, management, or control over  
    the thing possessed.

  

    

a.    The controlled substance is in the hand of or on the person, or

b.    The controlled substance is in a container in the hand of or on the person, or

c.    The controlled substance is so close as to be within ready reach and is under the control of the person.

    
    Mere proximity to a controlled substance is not sufficient to establish control over that controlled substance when it is not in a place over which the person has control.

    Constructive possession means the controlled substance is in a place over which the (defendant) has control, or in which the (defendant) has concealed it.

    In order to establish constructive possession of a controlled substance if the controlled substance is in a place over which the (defendant) does not have control, the State must prove the (defendant’s) (1) control over the controlled substance and (2) knowledge that the controlled substance was within the (defendant’s) presence.

    Possession may be joint, that is, two or more persons may jointly possess an article, exercising control over it.  In that case, each of those persons is considered to be in possession of that article.

    If a person has exclusive possession of a controlled substance, knowledge of its presence may be inferred or assumed.

    If a person does not have exclusive possession of a controlled substance, knowledge of its presence may not be inferred or assumed.

    Knowledge of the illicit nature of the controlled substance.  Give if applicable.  § F.S. 893.101(2) and (3), Fla. Stat.
    Knowledge of the illicit nature of the controlled substance is not an element of the offense of (insert name of offense charged).  Lack of knowledge of the illicit nature of a controlled substance is an affirmative defense.  (Defendant) has raised this affirmative defense.  However, you are permitted to presume that (defendant) was aware of the illicit nature of the controlled substance if you find that (defendant) was in actual or constructive possession of the controlled substance.

    If from the evidence you are convinced that (defendant) knew of the illicit nature of the controlled substance, and all of the elements of the charge have been proved, you should find (defendant) guilty.

    If you have a reasonable doubt on the question of whether (defendant) knew of the illicit nature of the controlled substance, you should find (defendant) not    guilty.



In addition to the standard possible punishments, if you possess a certain about of drugs, you may be charged with trafficking and subject to Minimum Mandatory Sentencing. The threshold for trafficking is as follows:

  • Cannabis: 25 pounds or 300 plants
  • Cocaine: 28 grams
  • GHB: 1 kilogram
  • Hydrocodone: 4 grams
  • LSD: 1 gram
  • MDMA (Ecstasy): 10 grams
  • Oxycodone: 4 grams